What Is Law?


Law is the set of rules, norms, and policies that govern a society. It should be accessible to everyone, and it should be a body of public knowledge that people can study, internalize, and use as a guide or framework. Its primary function is to protect ordinary people from abuse of power and settle disputes. This requires the independence of the judiciary and the integrity of legal procedures.

Basic concepts

There are various schools of thought regarding the philosophy of law. These schools have different perspectives on the nature of the law and its sources. Furthermore, different schools focus on different aspects of law. For example, they may place different emphasis on international law versus domestic law, or on the role of the judiciary and the law in human affairs.

Sources of law

Law is made up of various sources, and primary sources are the documents that created them. These include statutes, regulations, and case law. But these documents must be specific in the type of law they contain. Other sources are encyclopedias, legal digests, textbooks, and legal periodicals.

Judiciary independence

The principles of judicial independence in law refer to the right of judges to decide matters in a fair and impartial manner. Judges must make decisions based on facts and the law, and they should not be subjected to improper influence or inducement. Additionally, judges must have the exclusive right to decide whether a case falls under their jurisdiction.

Separation of powers

The term separation of powers refers to the arrangement in which the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government are separate and distinct. Congress passes laws and the President has the power to veto them, and the Supreme Court has the power to strike down laws if they are unconstitutional. The president appoints members of the executive branch, and the Senate confirms these nominees.


Constitutions are legal documents that lay out basic rights and freedoms of individuals. Some constitutions guarantee these rights explicitly, while others guarantee them in implied ways. A country’s constitution protects its citizens’ rights by guaranteeing these freedoms and guarantees equality for all citizens.

Legal reasoning

Legal reasoning is an important component of legal analysis. It helps students analyze and weigh various aspects of legal problems. It is also an important aspect of legal argumentation. The study, conducted at the University of Richmond Law School, outlines one approach to teaching legal reasoning.